Sunday, September 4, 2016

After the Cut

Animated by Zack Schwartz. After working at Disney in the early 1930’s until the Strike in 1941, notably as an art director on Bambi and Fantasia, Schwartz worked under Frank Tashlin at Screen Gems from 1941-1943 and was a founder of United Productions of America (UPA) in 1944 (formerly known as Industrial Films and Poster Service), along with , David Hilberman, and Stephen Bosustow. UPA was an American animation studio active from the 1940s through the 1970s

In 1946, Schwartz sold his interest in the studio and moved to New York, where he worked in television advertising, eventually becoming an advertising agency executive. After teaching at Sheridan College in Ontario, Canada in the '70s and '80s, Schwartz eventually moved to Israel, where he taught at the Animation Center in Tel Aviv.

Schwartz worked mostly in limited animation (reusing common parts between frames, rather than redrawing entire frames) He commented once: “Our camera is closer to being a printing press, in the way we use it, than it is to being a motion picture camera.” “Hell Bent For Election” was made in Zack Schwartz’s apartment because UPA did not have a studio in 1944.

Schwartz won honors for “Robin Hoodlum” (1948) and “The Magic Fluke” (1949) were both produced by UPA and nominated for an Academy Award. “When Magoo Flew” (1953) and “Magoo’s Puddle Jumper” (1955) both won Academy Awards for Best Short Subject (cartoons).

UPA Pictures' legacy in the history of animation has largely been overshadowed by the commercial success and availability of the cartoon libraries of Warner Bros. and Disney. Nonetheless, UPA had a significant impact on animation style, content, and technique, and its innovations were recognized and adopted by the other major animation studios and independent filmmakers all over the world. UPA pioneered the technique of limited animation. Although this style of animation came to be widely used in the 1960s and 1970s as a cost-cutting measure, it was originally intended as a stylistic alternative to the growing trend (particularly at Disney) of recreating cinematic realism in animated films. (Wikipedia)

Schwartz died January 13, 2003 in Israel.
The legacy of his film work remains with us:
1947 “Clearing The Way” (short) (animator)
1947 “Expanding World Relationships” (short) (Production Designer)
1946 “Flight Safety: After the Cut” (short) (layout artist)
1945 “A Few Quick Facts: Fear” (short) (Production Designer)
1945 “A Few Quick Facts: Fear” (short) (layout artist)
1944 “Hell-Bent for Election” (short) (Production Designer)
1944 “Lend Lease” (short) (Production Designer)
1944 “Flat Hatting” (short) (layout artist)
1943 “He Can’t Make It Stick” (short) (layout artist)
1943 “Willoughby’s Magic Hat” (short) (layout artist)
1943 “Professor Small and Mr. Tall” (short) (layout artist)
1943 “The Vitamin G-Man” (short) (layout artist)
1942 “Song of Victory” (short) (layout artist)
1942 “Old Balckout Joe” (short) (layout artist)
1942 “Wolf Chases Pigs” (short) (layout artist)
1942 “Concerto in B Flat Minor” (short) (layout artist)
1940 “Fantasia” (segment “The Sourcer’s Apprentice”) (art director)
1938 “Wynken, Blynken & Nod” (short) (layout artist)

do sljedeći put, blagoslov - until next time, blessings,
David Byler a.k.a. Canovals
4. rujan 2016

No comments:

Post a Comment